QUESTION OF: Protecting Human Rights of asylum seekers stranded on borders
SUBMITTED BY: --
Bearing in mind that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that all humans are born free and must be treated as individuals that are “equal in dignity” without distinction of race, nationality or religion. and more.
Noting that the term “asylum seekers”, under the terms of the 1951 Refugee Convention, was defined as “a person that enters a country either legally or illegally and later claims refugee status”,
Recognising the 1951 Refugee Convention and the 1967 Protocol as a guiding legal document regarding the protection of the rights of all refugees and asylum-seekers,
- Encourages the improvement of the security and protection of the camps where asylum seekers are residing in and in border cities of host-governments in order to protect the migrants from possible dangers such as but not limited to kidnappings, extortion, rape, terror and armed attacks by:
- Working in cooperation with the specialised forces of host-nations consisting of law enforcement officers
- Finding them safe housing options by:
- Finding housing alternatives by making better use of empty government land
- Accessing temporary government housing
- Getting assistance from non-governmental and International organisations such as but not limited to the UNHCR or IOM, and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-habitat)
- Developing emergency strategies applicable to the current situation, by providing tools such as tents, plastic sheeting;
- Suggests concerned nations and organisations to ensure constantly available and professional emergency aid in order to provide safety, protection, and security, by:
- Setting up risk monitoring, scenario-based contingency planning, and establishing how to deliver assistance and protection
- Taking the Refugee Coordination Guidance Note and the UNHCR Emergency Handbook into account to make refugee coordination more predictable, inclusive and collaborative;
- Recommends ensuring the health of asylum seekers stranded on borders, especially those overcrowded in camps, by:
- Working in close cooperation with Médecins Sans Frontières [MSF] to ensure professional health care on site
- Providing counselling, psychological therapy and rehabilitation to increase mental health to empower concerned individuals to cope with the challenges of displacement
- Providing clean, safe sanitation and hygiene facilities, as well as services to prevent the spread of diseases;
- Italy: ensuring that people undergo health checks upon arriving at the camps and while staying at the camps in order to stop the spread of infection and disease.
- Further encourages host-governments of asylum seekers to facilitate and assist the asylum seekers through the course of their settlement and rehabilitation process by means of collaboration between the related government ministries and UN bodies to establish educational programmes in order to rehabilitate asylum seekers into the nation in which they’re seeking asylum, while preserving their identity and culture by:
- Providing specific language lessons accessible to various age groups.
- Informing them about the cultural attributes of the nation in which they’re residing in
- Getting support from organizations such as but not limited to the UNICEF for better integration;
- Requests the protection of the rights of asylum seekers in each Member State by means of equal laws, created in accordance with the state’s existing legislation, that will require each state to treat every person, including asylum seekers, fairly;
- Further recommends that Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and government organizations provide vocational training opportunities and jobs for asylum seekers;
- Further suggests holding border monitoring, controlling, search, and extraction operations with the collaboration of host-governments to assure that asylum seekers do not face the danger of refoulement and are able to have entry to territory by gathering data of the asylum seekers’ entrance and departure through Member States with the help of control and extraction missions which will involve finding possible hosts for asylum seekers with the help of border monitoring missions conducted by border officials with the help of UN volunteers and donations;
- Calls upon taking into consideration the regular violation of women’s rights in migrant settlements by:
- Setting up specially designated, multi-purpose women-only spaces
- Training police officials to spot areas of potential gender-based violence and request them to monitor these areas with higher vigilance;
- Calls forpublic places such as schools, official government institutions and workplaces to embrace asylum seekers and include them in the society by raising awareness on the issue through:
- Semi-annual international conferences which will be held in Geneva to discuss the issue elaborately considering each Member State
- Informing citizens about the importance of the issue and the severity of the current situation, with the help of tools such as, campaigns and seminars in order to inform people and to be able to raise funds and enhance the number of volunteers, social media platforms, advertisements on television and billboards, brochures, posters and fundraising events
- The help of More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs) and willing NGOs such as the World Bank in order to support Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) and other countries with territorial disputes.
- Amendment by Syria.
- Requests member states to help all states in case of civil war such as Syria in order to reduce violence in these countries and decrease the number of refugees throughout Europe and thus helping hosting countries in the fight for human rights of asylum seekers by:
- sending troops to Syria as well as military equipment to facilitate the war against the rebels
- sending funds to help rebuild important infrastructure’s such as but not limited to: